Issues about Poland’s Proposed Ban on the Term “Polish Death Camps”

If the bill, passed by Poland’s lower legislature last week, becomes law, it would become illegal to suggest that Poles were complicit in the Holocaust

Late last week, Polish lawmakers granted initial approval to a law that has sparked grave concerns among Israeli officials and Holocaust historians.

As Ruth Eglash and Avi Selk of the Washington Post report, the controversial bill aims to make it illegal to suggest that Poland bore any responsibility for atrocities committed by the Nazis during the Holocaust. Under the new legislation, individuals could face fines and up to three years in jail for using phrases like “Polish death camps” (rather than “Nazi death camps”).

The so-called “death camp” bill was passed overwhelmingly by Poland’s lower legislature on Friday, the eve of International Holocaust Remembrance day; the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs called it “miserable” timing. Before it can be enacted into law, the bill needs to be approved by the Senate and Polish President Andrzej Duda.

News of the lower legislature’s vote has provoked an international outcry. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu told his cabinet that they “will under no circumstances accept any attempt to rewrite history,” as Jeffrey Heller and Marcin Goettig of Retuers reports.

Poland’s deputy ambassador to Israel, Piotr Kozlowski,was summoned to the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Jerusalem on Sunday to account for the bill. Also on Sunday, Netanyahu and Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki spoke on the phone and “agreed to immediately open a dialogue between staffs of the two countries, in order to try and reach an understanding over the legislation,” Netanyahu’s office said in a statement, according to Raphael Ahren of the Times of Israel.

Poland has long resisted acknowledging its complicity in the Holocaust. Polish lawmakers tried unsuccessfully to pass the controversial bill back in 2013, after then-President Barack Obama referred to “Polish death camps” during a speech honoring Polish resistance fighter Jan Karski. Since then, the right-wing nationalist Law and Justice party, which won a solid parliamentary majority in 2015, has been aggressive in its efforts to sanitize Poland’s historical record.

The party leaders’ refusal to acknowledge that Polish citizens played a role in the terrible crimes committed by Nazis is distressing to Holocaust historians.

During World War II, the Poles suffered a brutal occupation at the hands of the Nazis, who saw the Poles as racially inferior. At least 2.5 million non-Jewish civilians and soldiers died before the war’s end, according to the United States Holocaust Museum. However, the Nazis also “drew upon some Polish agencies, such as Polish police forces and railroad personnel, in the guarding of ghettos and the deportation of Jews to the killing centers.” Individual Poles, the museum writes, “often helped in the identification, denunciation, and hunting down of Jews in hiding, often profiting from the associated blackmail, and actively participated in the plunder of Jewish property.”

A notorious example of Polish persecution of Jews is the 1941 massacre at Jedwabne, during which Polish villagers reportedly herded hundreds of Jewish women and children in a barn and set it on fire, burning the victims alive. (Though historians maintain that locals’ involvement in the massacre was a matter of historical record, some Poles have denied Polish complicity).

In a statement, Yad Vashem, the Holocaust remembrance center in Jerusalem, says it agrees with the new bill’s claims about the inaccuracy of the term “Polish death camps,” since these camps were set up by the Nazis. But the statement goes on to write, “restrictions on statements by scholars and others regarding the Polish people’s direct or indirect complicity with the crimes committed on their land during the Holocaust are a serious distortion.”

The party leaders’ refusal to acknowledge that Polish citizens played a role in the terrible crimes committed by Nazis is distressing to Holocaust historians.

During World War II, the Poles suffered a brutal occupation at the hands of the Nazis, who saw the Poles as racially inferior. At least 2.5 million non-Jewish civilians and soldiers died before the war’s end, according to the United States Holocaust Museum. However, the Nazis also “drew upon some Polish agencies, such as Polish police forces and railroad personnel, in the guarding of ghettos and the deportation of Jews to the killing centers.” Individual Poles, the museum writes, “often helped in the identification, denunciation, and hunting down of Jews in hiding, often profiting from the associated blackmail, and actively participated in the plunder of Jewish property.”

A notorious example of Polish persecution of Jews is the 1941 massacre at Jedwabne, during which Polish villagers reportedly herded hundreds of Jewish women and children in a barn and set it on fire, burning the victims alive. (Though historians maintain that locals’ involvement in the massacre was a matter of historical record, some Poles have denied Polish complicity).

In a statement, Yad Vashem, the Holocaust remembrance center in Jerusalem, says it agrees with the new bill’s claims about the inaccuracy of the term “Polish death camps,” since these camps were set up by the Nazis. But the statement goes on to write, “restrictions on statements by scholars and others regarding the Polish people’s direct or indirect complicity with the crimes committed on their land during the Holocaust are a serious distortion.”

Henry Sapiecha

THE LAST GENERATION OF WITNESSES IN ATROCITIES CARRIED OUT BY THE GERMANS TELL THEIR STORIES IN THIS VIDEO

These women tell their story in the polish language with English sub-titles.

I recollect my mother telling me many such similar German nazi atrocity stories

Zabno, a small town in Southern Poland, was a haven for Jewish families until WWII broke out. In this moving report, we hear the disturbing stories of people who experienced Nazi cruelty first hand and see just how fresh the wounds left by the Final Solution still are.

Although many Jewish people from the former Krakow Province of Zabno were mass transported to concentration camps such as Belzec, this moving film focuses on those who were left behind – murdered in their own gardens and buried in unmarked graves, and the lucky few that managed to escape. But were they really lucky? Through startling and frank accounts of their experiences, a small group of surviving women recount how they suffered terrible beatings at German hands and watched with horror as their families were taken away to their deaths. “From that moment everyone thought about leaving the town”. Yet even for those who escaped, their ordeals were far from over. “You could say animals lived in better conditions,” one woman recalls, remembering the filthy barn she shared with nine others for over two years. The atrocities they suffered are only made more potent by the passing of time: “The worst thing is, we know we’re the last generation of witnesses.”

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Henry Sapiecha

ANTHONY MICHAEL SAPIECHA PIC GALLERY & INFORMATION-AUSTRALIA

I have a lot to say about my dear brother who I absolutely loved.When it is appropriate & timely I shall add my comments herein in his loving memory. He is now in fishing heaven

tony-michael-sapiecha-holds-baby image www.sapiecha.com

Tony Sapiecha holds child.Yet to determine name of child and when/where pic taken.ABOVE.Henry-&Tony-sapiecha-at-tonys-ashgrove-home-brisbane image www.sapiecha.com

Henry Sapiecha visits his brother Tony Sapiecha at Tony’s house on the front verandah at Ashgrove Brisbane Qld Australia..ABOVEhenry & tony sapiecha talk image www.sapiecha.com

Tony Sapiecha visits his brother Henry Sapiecha at Gold Coast holiday home QLD.Australia.Aged in their twenties & both engaged in own businesses employing people.ABOVE.

tony sapiecha sits with shane eyers image www.sapiecha.com

Shane Eyers sits with Tony Sapiecha at a family bar-b-que.Details yet to come.ABOVE.TONY DOMI + image www.sapiecha.com

Tony & wife Domonique Sapiecha sit with family & friend ABOVE.Details yet to comeTONY SAPIECHA & DOMINIQUE AT KIDS BIRTHDAY PARTY 26-5-1985 photo www.sapiecha.com

Tony & wife Dominique Sapiecha @ kids birthday party.ABOVE.Details yet to cometony-sapiecha-&-suzy-cuskelly-at christeneing-of-henry-sapiechas-child image www.sapiecha.com

Tony Sapiecha with Suzzane Cuskelly at Henry Sapiecha baby’s christening ceremony. ABOVE..Details yet to comeMEMORIAL-PIC-TONY-Sapiecha image www.sapiecha.com

The sweet smiling face of our dearest family member Anthony Michael Sapiecha.ABOVE.TONY S THE FISHERMAN MEMORIAL PIC

The fishing legend that was Anthony Michael Sapiecha.ABOVE.

tony-sapiecha-with trimmed-beard image www.sapiecha.com

Affectionately called ‘Tony’

There is so much I am going to publish in this site about my brother Tony Sapiecha who was the most beautiful person in my world. God bless his kind & beautiful soul. I cried when I posted this post & cry every time I read it.

He kept his pain to himself. He did his crying in the rain. MISS YOU BROTHER.

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Henry Sapiecha