Archbishop Adam Stefan Sapiecha

Appointed  18 February 1946
Term ended  21 July 1951
Parents  Adam Stanislaw Sapieha
Grandparents  Leon Sapieha
Installed  18 February 1946
Name  Adam Sapieha
Consecration  December 17, 1911
Great-grandparents  Aleksander Antoni Sapieha

Adam_Stefan_Sapieha_(1867-1951) image www.sapiecha.com

Predecessor  Jan Puzyna de Kosielsko
Successor  Eugeniusz Baziak (apostolic administrator)
Other posts  Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria Nuova
Died  July 21, 1951, Krakow, Poland
Similar People  Wladyslaw II Jagiello, Anna Jagiellon, James Cromwell, Wladyslaw IV Vasa, Jadwiga of Poland

Prince Adam Stefan Stanislaw Bonifacy Jozef Sapieha ([ˈadam ˈstefan saˈpʲexa]; 14 May 1867 – 23 July 1951) was a Polish cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church who served as Archbishop of Krakow. Between 1922–1923 he was a senator of the Second Polish Republic (Polish Rzeczpospolita). In 1946, Pope Pius XII created him Cardinal.

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Sapieha was born in 1867 in the castle of Krasiczyn, then part of the Austrian Empire. His family, originally from Lithuania, were members of the Polish nobility. He was the youngest of the seven children of Prince Adam Stanislaw Sapieha-Kodenski and Princess Jadwiga Klementyna Sanguszko-Lubartowicza, daughter of Wladyslaw Hieronim Sanguszko.

Education

archbishop adam sapiecha image www.sapiecha.com

After graduating from gymnasium in Lwow in 1886, he enrolled in the Law Department at the University of Vienna, starting simultaneously law studies at Institut Catholique in Lille. In 1887 on the basis of his certificate from the University of Vienna Sapieha continued studies at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow. After two years he passed the examination and returned to Vienna for further studies, where he remained until 1890, obtaining the certificate of completion. In the same year he began theological studies at the University of Innsbruck, and in 1892 signed up for the third year of seminary studies in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lviv.

Early vocation

After returning to the home country in 1897, he was designated vice-rector of the diocesan seminary in Lwow, where he worked until 1901. He resigned because he was discouraged by the imposed rules of education of young priests. After a half-year trip across the United States of America, he was designated a vicar of the St. Nicholas congregation in Lwow in October 1902. In 1905 Sapieha was appointed a papal chamberlain, and sent to Rome where he was a consultant on matters concerning the Roman Catholic Church in Poland, in the annexed territories, the realization of an idea by Lwow Armenian Catholic Archbishop Jozef Teodorowicz (who was the Sapieha’s long-term friend) to have a representative of the Roman Catholic Church in Poland at the Roman Curia.

archbishop adam stefan sapiecha image www.sapiecha.com

He was educated at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, where he was also ordained as priest on 1 October 1893 by Bishop Jan Puzyna de Kosielsko (later Bishop of Krakow and Cardinal). Father Sapieha did pastoral work in the Diocese of Lemberg, in whose seminary he served as a faculty member for four years until becoming its rector. In October 1895 he started further studies in Rome, where he obtained a doctorate of civil and canon law at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy. At the same time he studied diplomacy at the Pontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles.

Bishop

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Sapieha was appointed Bishop of Krakow on 24 November 1911 and was consecrated by Pope St. Pius X in the Sistine Chapel on 7 December of the same year. In 1915, he established a relief committee for victims of World War I.

After World War I, Sapieha became a vocal opponent of the new concordat negotiated between the Holy See and the newly resurrected Polish state. He argued that the Polish Church should be completely independent of the state and that its primate should be the Archbishop of Warsaw. This attitude led to a conflict with Cardinal Achille Ratti, Pope Benedict XV’s nuncio who himself later became Pope, during the first post-war congress of Polish bishops in Gniezno held 26–30 August 1919. Sapieha thought that the Polish should decide its affairs without outside influence and asked Ratti to leave the conference room. Sapieha was not elevated to the cardinalate by Ratti after he became Pope Pius XI in 1922.

In 1922, Sapieha was elected senator from the Christian Union of National Unity party. He ordered a memorial service and issued a proclamation on the assassination of Gabriel Narutowicz. It was the only speech he delivered as a senator because papal mandate at the time prohibited clergy from holding public office. He resigned on 9 March 1923.

Sapieha was appointed Metropolitan Archbishop in 1925 when the Diocese of Krakow was elevated to the rank of Archdiocese. He received a degree honoris causa from the Jagiellonian University in 1926. In September 1930, after opposition leaders were arrested and placed in confinement at Brest Fortress, Archbishops Sapieha and Teodorowicz strongly criticized the government. Despite this, and other occasional disagreements with the government, Sapieha was awarded the Order of the White Eagle in 1936.

In 1937, Sapieha, who had opposed the Pilsudski regime (sanacja), made the controversial decision to move Pilsudski’s body, within Wawel’s Cathedral, from St. Leonard’s Crypt to the crypt under the Silver Bells.

In 1939 he asked Pope Pius XI to accept his resignation due to age and failing health, but the pope refused. After the death of Pius XI, he repeated his request to the new pope, Pius XII on 19 June 1939. In anticipation of the upcoming war and at Jozef Beck’s instigation he withdrew his resignation.

Activities during the Second World War

During World War II, while Primate August Hlond was in France, Sapieha was the de facto head of the Polish church in jurisdictions directly annexed by the Third Reich (primate Hlond was represented by Walenty Dymek, auxiliary bishop of Poznan) and was and one of the main leaders of the nation. One of the most important organisations to which he belonged was the National Council of Welfare, created on the model of Caritas. From the war’s start of the Nazi occupation, he was an independence activist, working with the Polish government-in-exile.

In August 1944, Sapieha was forced to operate the Polish seminary in secret because the Germans began killing seminarians whenever they found them. He moved his students (including the future Pope John Paul II, Karol Wojtyla) into the Bishop’s Palace in Krakow to finish their training during the Nazi Occupation of Poland.

Sapieha’s biographer, Jacek Czajkowski describes the circumstances of the archbishop being invited by Governor Hans Frank to Hitler’s birthday party in April 1942. He told the German official: No! They are not going to change anything, but they will take a photograph of me and write that a Polish bishop arrived at Hitler’s birthday party with best wishes. Tell him I will not come. Another such anecdote recalls when governor Hans Frank ordered the archbishop to hand him the keys to the Wawel Castle. Sapieha replied: But don’t forget to give them back to me when you will be leaving Wawel.

Cardinal

In March 1945, he initiated the publication of Tygodnik Powszechny. He was created Cardinal-Priest, of the title of Santa Maria Nuova, on 18 February 1946. On 1 November 1946 he conferred priestly ordination on Karol Wojtyla in the chapel of his episcopal residence.

After the Kielce pogrom he provided aid for the affected Jews.

Sapieha knew Karol Wojtyla (later John Paul II) was destined to become a priest when a young Karol delivered a welcoming speech during the archbishop’s visit to his school. Some people consider him a mentor of Pope John Paul II. In 1949, he proposed that Stefan Wyszynski, Metropolitan Archbishop of Gniezno and Warsaw since 12 November 1948, should be termed Primate of Poland. The following year, 1950, he wrote letters to then-Polish president Boleslaw Bierut protesting Bierut’s repression of the church. Sapieha died on 23 July 1951, and his funeral on 28 July turned into a political demonstration. He was buried in the Wawel Cathedral, in a crypt under the confessional of St. Stanislas.

Portrayal

In the 2005 CBS miniseries Pope John Paul II, Archbishop Sapieha was portrayed by American actor James Cromwell.

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Henry Sapieha

 

ANTONI & JANINA SAPIECHA PARENTS OF HENRY SAPIECHA AT POLISH FAMILY GATHERINGS

Henry-Sapiecha BABY GROUP PIC-image www.sapiecha.com

Henry Sapiecha the baby at a Christening event held by Antoni & Janina Sapiecha parents of Henry Sapiecha the baby.I will Id the other people in the group pic as I get the info.etc

Mother Janina Sapiecha is holding Henry Sapiecha in centre stage with dad Antoni Sapiecha standing behind Janina & Henry [Henyeck]

BRONEK PARTY PIC BW image www.sapiecha.com

SAPIECHA+ CHIHINSKI FAMILIES GROUP image www.sapiech.com

Sapiecha & Chihinski Family picture pose-Me on the RHS above next to my Father Antoni Sapiecha.In order

From left to right top row.

Regina Sapiecha-Mrs Chihinski-Mr Chihinski-Janina Sapiecha-Antoni Sapiecha-Henry Sapiecha

Bottom row left to right>

Anthony Michael Sapiecha- Son of Mr & Mrs Chihinski-Daughter of Mr & Mrs Chihinski-Sabina Sapiecha-Helina Sapiecha

HENRY-SAPIECHA-FAMILY-PARENTS-&-SIBLINGS EARLY DAYS B&W PIC IMAGE www.sapiecha.com

Names of the Australian Sapiecha family in B&W pic image LEFT TO RIGHT.

Henry Sapiecha-Antoni Sapiecha-Anthony Michael Sapiecha-Janina Sapiecha-Helina Sapiecha- Sabina Sapiecha-Regina Sapiecha

SAPIECHA FAMILY SETTEE PIC NO Henry image www.sapiecha.com

Since Henry Sapiecha [Yours truly] took the pic I am not in it.

From Left to Right we have>

Regina Sapiecha-Janina Sapiecha-Sabina Sapiecha-Helina Sapiecha-Antoni Sapiecha-Anthony Michael Sapiecha

Lots more to come-Watch this space.

colour-enhanced-sapiecha-family group-australia image www.sapiecha.com

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Henry Sapiecha

Hi to the fans of the Sapiecha Family network..

My name is Henry Sapiecha & I am the administrator & owner of this site.

henry sitsDONNA'S WEDDING HS (1)

Henry Sapiecha with his father Antoni Sapiecha at Henry’s daughter [Donna-Lee] marriage to Shane Eyers in Toowoomba Qld Australia

The information to be published in this official Sapiecha family site is compiled from family records & anecdotal accounts from the Sapiecha family members.

Sometimes there are problems with gaining such information from family members because of whatever reasons.

Currently I have had serious problems in gaining information from my sibling sisters about our parents parents [A & J Sapiecha]. This can be easily overcome as they appear to know nothing anyway. We have the resources to get accurate info from other family members about the Sapiecha family & I shall publish these articles as they are provided.

It just appears that the sibling girls of mine have their noses out of joint with the Sapiecha clan because they have married into other families & are no longer part of the Sapiecha clan.

We will just continue our pursuit of information into the Sapiecha clan regardless

LOTS & LOTS MORE TO COME-WOW….!!!

f9

Henry Sapiecha